Daily Survey

Belgrade, January 11, 2012

SERBIA

SERBIA BECOMES CERN ASSOCIATE MEMBER

BELGRADE, Jan 10 (Tanjug) - Serbian President Boris Tadic and Director General of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) Rolf Dieter Heuer signed on Tuesday in Geneva an agreement declaring Serbia a CERN Associate Member State.
The decision on granting Serbia the associate membership was delivered on December 16, 2011, this being an important step towards the full membership in the organization, which should be secured in the next five years.
CERN was founded in 1954 by twelve countries, among which was Yugoslavia, which left the organization in 1961. In 2001, Serbia signed the agreement on cooperation, thereby announcing its gradual return. The organisation, located astride the Franco Swiss border near Geneva, now has 20 member states, hires around 2,400 employees and around 10,000 visiting scientists which represent more than 600 universities worldwide.
Around 30 Serbian scientists are taking part in two ongoing experiments ATLAS and CMS.
CERN is the world's largest laboratory for particle physics and the main researches are being carried out in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The experiment will bring about a revolution in people's understanding of the universe, antimatter and the Higgs boson or so-called God particle.
Prior to signing, Heuer staged a presentation to the Serbian president, instructing him in CERN's main areas of research.
Tadic then toured the LHC, the world's largest and highestenergy particle accelerator, in which the ATLAS and CMS experiments are being conducted.
Serbian Minister of Education Zarko Obradovic is in Geneva together with President Tadic. They are accompanied by former deputy prime minister Bozidar Djelic, who headed the Serbian delegation in negotiations over Serbia's associate membership.

TADIC: CERN MEMBERSHIP CHANCE FOR RESEARCH

BELGRADE, GENEVA, Jan 10 (Tanjug) - Serbian President Boris Tadic stated in Geneva on Tuesday that Serbia's accession to the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) accelerates the research process and provides an opportunity for economic development.
"I am proud that we made a decision to join the project. Serbia's accession to CERN accelerates the research process and gives a chance to both those who have reached a creative peak and those who are yet to strive for it," Tadic told Tanjug.
Tadic and CERN Director General Rolf Dieter Heuer signed earlier today an agreement making Serbia an associate member of CERN.
Recalling that Serbia had a considerable 20year long halt in scientific development, Tadic stressed that being a part of this project, "perhaps the biggest one in human history, which is dedicated to discovering the universe," is very important for Serbian scientists, universities and institutes.
"Some of our young scientists working on their PhD theses and research are here, and they grow through CERN," Tadic pointed out. He added that no country can develop without basic scientific research, particularly those implementable in industry. "There is no country that achieved a major or speedy economic development without making this component of knowledge relevant in its scientific, industrial, agricultural and even political production," Tadic underlined.
Before the signing of the agreement, Tadic toured CERN, and Director General Heuer threw a presentation of CERN's work for the Serbian president.

TADIC HOLDS SERIES OF MEETINGS IN GENEVA

BELGRADE,GENEVA, Jan 10 (Tanjug) - Serbian President Boris Tadic conferred in Geneva on Tuesday with representatives of a number of international organizations.
Tadic met with Director General of the UN Office at Geneva and Secretary General of the Conference on Disarmament (CD) Kassym Tokayev. The CD was established in 1979, and one of the founders of this multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international community was the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).
SFRY was excluded from the CD membership with the outbreak of crisis in the territory. All sucessors of SFRY now have observer status, while Montenegro and Bosnia Herzegovina have submitted applications for fullfledged CD membership. Serbia is active member of the Informal Group of Observers States to the CD.
Tadic also had a meeting with Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Jan Kubis. Serbia was appointed chair of the UNECE Executive Committee to the period 20112013. The Serbian president also conferred with World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Director General Francis Gurry. Serbia was named chair of the WIPO General Assembly to the period 20112013.
At the end of his visit to Geneva, Tadic met with World Trade Organization (WTO) Director General Pascal Lamy. When it comes to Serbia's WTO accession, the working group for accession and bilateral talks holds regular meetings. The process has reached the final phase, and Serbia has signed bilateral agreements with the EU and nine more countries.
The talks with the U.S., Panama, India, Brazil, Ecuador and Taiwan are close to the end, while the negotiations with Ukraine are difficult.

MONTH OF SERBIAN CULTURE IN ROME

ROME, Jan 10 (Tanjug) - An exhibition dubbed "The Serbian Culture a Way through Centuries" was opened in Rome Tuesday evening, presenting before the Italian audience the important moments from the history of Serbian culture.
Through the exhibits, the audience can trace the origins of the Serbian culture through the contemporary art of the country, back through the Serbian medieval monasteries and frescoes, the roads of the Roman emperors who were born or lived in the territory of Serbia, reaching finally all the way back to the Neolithic settlements of Lepenski Vir and Vinca.
The exhibition is installed at the Museum of Roman Civilization in Rome as part of the Month of the Serbian culture and is held from December 27 to January 27. The Italian audience will be able to see copies of the frescoes of the White Angel, Miroslav's Gospel, the "Kosovo Girl" painting, replicas of artifacts from Viminacium, Sirmium, Lepenski Vir and Vinca, and Serbian ethnic costumes and embroideries.
Serbian Ambassador in Rome Ana Hrustanovic said she was particularly pleased with the fact that the Serbian culture and heritage were being met with great interest among the Italian public. "This is testified by the fact that about a dozen of journalists from the most influential Italian media were here with us this evening. These people have many years of experience reporting from Serbia, and they will share their impressions of our country with the cultural public of Italy," Hrustanovic told Tanjug.
An exhibition titled "The Cyrillic" was also opened this evening. It is authored by artists Dragana Nikolic and Jelena HadziNikolic, who presented their cultural background through Cyrillic embroidery on towels. The Month of the Serbian Culture in Rome was opened on December 27, by an exhibition of five contemporary Serb artists who live and work in Rome.
Towards the end of January, the audience in Rome will have an opportunity to attend a concert by guitarist Tibor Tepic and string quartet TAJJ from Novi Sad (northern Serbia), a theatrical performance inspired by Ljiljana Habjanovic's novel "Game of the Angels", a public Serbian language lesson, and the premiere of "Underground Teatrale," a play by renowned playwright Dusan Kovacevic.
The manifestation will be closed on January 27, with the celebration of St. Sava's Day. On this occasion, VED, an ethno band from the city of Vranje (southern Serbia), will stage a concert.

NIELSEN: CHALLENGES TO EU ENLARGEMENT

BELGRADE, Jan. 10 (Beta) - Denmark feels that Serbia belongs in the EU and hopes that it will be given the status of a candidate state in March, Danish Ambassador in Serbia Mette Kjuel Nielsen said on Jan. 10.
"We hope that Serbia will receive the status of a candidate in March. It needs to be stressed that the European Council's conclusions on Dec. 9 commend the significant progress that the government has achieved as part of its European agenda," she said in an interview with EurActiv.
EU enlargement is a key concern for Denmark, which is poised to take over the EU presidency from Poland on Jan. 11, Kjuel Nielsen said, stressing that the present situation could affect the EU's enlargement to an extent.
"What needs to be understood is that many important questions on the world scene are vying for the attention of our European leaders. This means that the memberstates will have stricter views on whether the criteria and standards have been fulfilled," she said, adding that she did not believe this to be anything new.

NIELSEN: GROWING INTEREST OF DANISH INVESTORS IN SERBIA

BELGRADE, Jan. 10 (Beta) - Danish pump manufacturer Grundfos will start building a new factory in Serbia this spring after postponing construction because of the crisis, the Danish ambassador to Serbia, Mette Kjuel Nielsen, said on Jan. 10.
"This had already been announced, but then the crisis came and companies had to check if there was demand for their products. This is why there was a delay. Now it has ended and the building of the new factory will start this spring," she said in an interview with EurActiv.
Kjuel Nielsen recalled that the company was already operating in Serbia, to which it had transferred one plant from Denmark.
"In the previous year, I witnessed growing interest of Danish companies. An increasing number of small and medium enterprises are contacting the Embassy for information, looking at industries to see which partners they could cooperate with," said the ambassador of Denmark, which will officially assume the EU presidency on Jan. 11.

KOSOVO AND METOHIJA

TADIC: KIM SOLUTION LIES IN INTERNATIONAL ARENA

BELGRADE , Jan 11 (Tanjug) - Serbian President Boris Tadic said Tuesday that the problem of Kosovo and Metohija (KiM) calls for finding a creative solution that would satisfy not only the interests of Serbs and Albanians, but also the interests of great powers.
"We need to find allies in this process. This problem has been internationalized and so we need to find a solution in the international field. The Kosovo issue is essentially decided by the great powers, the members of the Security Council, plus Germany," Tadic said in an interview for the new issue of Nedeljnik, a Belgradebased weekly.
Tadic said that some of the different solutions that had been proposed in the past, such as substantial autonomy or partition, were either outdated or did not have the support of key players in the international community. "Now we have to consider other solutions the models of Northern Ireland, South Tyrol, Aland Islands, or some solutions from the territory of former Yugoslavia," said Tadic.
The solution, he said, must contain four essential points: in particular, a solution for the administration of Serb monasteries and monastic complexes, special guarantees for the Serbs in the enclaves, regulations regarding the property of Serb citizens and the state of Serbia, and especially a solution for northern Kosovo.
"Those who decide about Kosovo do not want a frozen conflict, and this would not be good for us anyway. We have to take our solution before those who decide on such matters in the international arena. I talked about it with all key parties in Serbia and we all had a high level of agreement, except with the SRS (the Serbian Radical Party) and the DSS (the Democratic Party of Serbia). However, now is not the time for internal debates, but rather a time to check how viable the solution that we have in mind can be before the key actors of the international community," said Tadic.
Serbia cannot achieve its interests in Kosovo without alliances at the international level, and these interests have been suspended in the international arena after the 1990's, he said. "Because of the errors and crimes in which were our countrymen were among the actors, our country has for years been the pillar of shame and has had to struggle for the legitimization of its national interests," Tadic pointed out.
Now, in the new and difficult circumstances, Serbia can no longer wait and has to protect its interests in the international arena, Tadic said.

STEFANOVIC: BELGRADEPRISTINA RELATIONS NOT BILATERAL

BELGRADE, Jan. 11 (Tanjug) - Head of Belgrade's negotiating team in the dialogue with Pristina Borislav Stefanovic said that "no agreement has been reached on the issue of Kosovo's representation at regional and international forums."
"Representation which does not include Resolution 1244 is unacceptable for Serbia," Stefanovic said for the Wednesday edition of Belgrade daily Politika.
The paper reminds its readers of the claim made in Pristina daily Koha Ditore that Kosovo will be represented at regional and international forums under its own name, with an additional explanation saying that there is no prejudice as to the countries' stands regarding status.
Stefanovic commented that as numerous times in the past, the Pristina press is making all sorts of insinuations, and that "different modalities" of representation have been discussed. "In essence, each of these modalities touched on Resolution 1244, because the relations between Belgrade and Pristina are not bilateral." "The problem is not between us, it is much wider, and concerns whether and under what terms Kosovo can be represented at forums made up of independent states, because it is not one," he said.
Pointing out that the issue is being discussed with the international community "which is essentially trying to bring the positions of the two sides closer," he said the international community should turn its focus to Pristina. "It needs to drop maximalist demands and the need to eliminate the Resolution, which is the last valid foundation of international treatment of Kosovo's status and its representation," Stefanovic said.

REFERENDUM IN NORTHERN KOSOVO UNNECESSARY

KOSOVSKA MITROVICA, Jan. 11 (Tanjug) - State Secretary with the Serbian Ministry for Kosovo Oliver Ivanovic urged northern Kosovo mayors to drop the planned referendum, because it is not needed right now.
In a statement given to TV Most on Tuesday, Ivanovic called on the mayors to be prudent, because 95 percent of the people do not want anything to do with the Pristina institutions.
"There will be more challenges and we do not have anyone else to rely on besides the Serbian government," Ivanovic said, adding it is hard to improve the communication with Pristina, and likewise with representatives of the international community whose behavior in critical situations has been partial.
Ivanovic pointed out that people in Kosovo, especially those in the north, do not have the luxury of having a bad relationship with the Serbian government, regardless of who is in it.
"An open confrontation with the Serbian government means that at some point the people in the north will see us as a problem," Ivanovic said.

KUCI: SERBIA SHOULD DEAL WITH ITSELF

PRISTINA, Jan. 10 (Beta) - The deputy premier of Kosovo, Hajredin Kuci, stated on Jan. 10 that it would be much better if Serbia dealt with itself than with others.
"I believe that (politicians from Serbia) should deal with themselves, the attitude they have towards Kosovo, and not with others. For 20 years now Serbia has been dealing with others and not with itself. That is the essence of Serbia's problems," Kuci said.
The deputy premier said this in response to objections from certain Serbian politicians to his statement that Kosovo would no longer allow entry to President Boris Tadic.
"I said, and I repeat, that the political statements of President Tadic, who was visiting Kosovo for religious reasons, will limit his access to Kosovo," Kuci told Pristina media.
Commenting on the stoning of President Tadic's convoy in Decani, Kuci said that everyone knew that the Serbian president could not be greeted with applause in Kosovo. Tadic visited the Monastery of Visoki Decani for Orthodox Christmas, on Jan. 6 and 7.

DIALOGUE ON KOSOVO TO CONTINUE AT END OF JANUARY

BRUSSELS, Jan. 10 (Tanjug) - A new round of technical talks between Belgrade and Pristina has not yet been scheduled but is expected in late January, diplomatic sources in Brussels told Tanjug on Tuesday.
We would like to continue the dialogue as soon as possible, but do not expect that to happen before the end of January, an official acquainted with the issue said, noting that the reasons for that are technical. The main theme of the next round of talks between Belgrade and Pristina will be Kosovo's regional representation, on which no agreement was reached in previous attempts, the official said.
The official did not wish to comment the Tuesday report by Pristinabased daily Koha Ditore that the Kosovo government has accepted that Kosovo will be represented at regional and international meetings by its name with an additional explanation saying that there is no prejudice as to the countries' stands regarding status.
The two sides have yet to agree on this, the official said. The Serbian side insisted during the talks that the name Kosovo be accompanied on the name board by the inscription UN Security Council Resolution 1244, which confirms Serbia's sovereignty in the territory of its southern province.

VELJANOVSKI: RECOGNIZE REALITY IN REGION AS SOON AS POSSIBLE

PRISTINA, Jan. 10 (Beta) - Macedonian Parliament Speaker Trajko Veljanovski stated in Pristina on Jan. 10 that the reality in the region should be acknowledged as soon as possible.
To a question about what he wanted to tell Serbian leaders and to Serbs in Kosovo, Veljanovski said that it would be to recognize, as soon as possible, the reality in the Balkans.
"We are cooperating with all countries and I may say that the reality in the region should be recognized as soon as possible. It is certainly the responsibility of politicians to contribute so that this can be accomplished quickly," Veljanovski said at a joint news conference held after a meeting with Kosovo Assembly Speaker Jakup Krasniqi.
According to a statement of the office of the Kosovo president, Atifete Jahjaga, during a meeting with her, Veljanovski had said that there were no open issues between Kosovo and Macedonia and the countries should work on expanding cooperation in all fields, including commerce and infrastructure.
During his visit to Kosovo, the Macedonian parliament speaker also met with Kosovo Premier Hashim Thaci.